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I’ve just been examining the early text of Madame Bovary that was published last year. It is impressive and to me a little surprising to see how Flaubert worked. The most marvellous passages in the finished version are often quite flat in this one, and even rather inept… It is as if he first assembled his data and then at a given point turned on the music and magic. I am especially interested in this because it is more or less my own method. — Edmund Wilson